NW Regional Healthcare Coalition Spotlight

July 2022

Emergency Operations Plans (EOP)

What is it?

The emergency operations plan (EOP) details what the facility or agency will DO during a disaster (incident command implementation, command center location and activities, specific plans by department, etc.). This plan should be developed as an all-hazards plan and must integrate with local EOPs and coalition plans for information sharing and resource requests. Individual plans may also include specialty annexes for incidents such as burn, chemical, pediatric, or infectious disease.” [1] 

Benefits of the EOP:

“Crucial to this system are emergency operations plans (EOP), which describe who will do what, as well as when, with what resources, and by what authority–before, during, and immediately after an emergency.”

  • serve as the basis for effective response to any hazard that threatens the jurisdiction;
  • facilitate integration of mitigation into response and recovery activities; and
  • facilitate coordination with the Federal Government during catastrophic disaster situations that necessitate implementation of the Federal Response Plan (FRP).[2]

EOP Components[3]:

  • Basic Plan
  • Functional Annexes
  • Support Annexes
  • Hazard/Incident Specific Appendices
  • Standard Operating Procedure’s (SOP’s)
  • Checklist

The NWRHCC in collaboration with VHHA and their local, state, and federal partners support the national effort to establish an EOP at each hospital and non-hospital facility. It is critical for each facility and staff to be prepared and trained for natural or intentional disasters as well as for pandemics, flu, active shooters, and more. Each one of these situations must have a swift and coordinate response taking into consideration each factor of the EOP.






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